European (Domestic) Rabbit is the ancestral form of all domesticated
rabbit breeds. It is 35-45 cm in length and has short ears
tipped with a black spot. The limbs are short and the weight
is 1-2 kg. The fur is gray with white highlights on the back
and the underside is white. The lower part of the tail is
They inhabit sandy, hilly terrain with shrubs and woody plants
or coniferous woodlands. European
live in colonies that occupy large burrows with many chambers
and entrances. They generally do not stray further than 60
feet from their burrow. European
will warn each other of danger by thumping their hind limbs
on the ground. They are most active at night, leaving their
burrow in the evening and returning by early morning.
prefer to feed on grasses and herbaceous plants but will also
eat bark and twigs if grass is not available.
Hierarchy is established within colonies each breeding season.
Males will defend their territories which includes all females
in a breeding group. Rabbits are very prolific animals with
each female producing 3-4 litters a year. Each litter will
have at least six offspring.
in W and S Europe through th Mediterranean region to Morocco
and N Algeria; later introduced on all continents except Antarctica
and Asia. Now found worldwide as domesticated forms.