Devil Sarcophilus harrasii
and body length is from 525 - 800 mm with tail length from 230
- 300 mm. Males range in weight from 5.5 - 11.8 kg. and females
between 4.1 and 8.1 kg. Overall coloration is blackish brown
or black with a white throat patch, one or two white patches
on the rump and sides and a pinkish snout.
Tasmanian Devils have short, broad skulls covered with masses
of muscle. The molar teeth are developed into extremely strong
bone crushers, like those of hyenas.
diet consists of a variety of vertebrates and invertebrates
including poisonous snakes, and a small amount of plant material.
The main food source is carrion, as the Tasmanian Devil is an
inefficient killer. Preferred are wallabies, wombats, sheep,
and rabbits. Every part of the carcass is consumed, including
the fur and bones.
Females become sexually mature at the age of 2 and are monestrous.
Mating occurs in March or a little later. Gestation is 31 days
and litter size is 2-4 young. Young leave the pouch at about
105 days and are weaned by 8 months.
single living species of Sarcophilus today is harrasii,
is found only in Australia: Tasmania. It probably once occupied
most of the Australian mainland, but was in direct competition
with the introduced dingo.